A recent introduction and a new acquisition for me. The tree itself is an evergreen that can grow over 40 feet in height, and sometimes reaching as high as 90 feet. Hi, Dan Lychee growers in Thailand are smallholders with lychee planting ranging from a few trees to orchards of a few hectares. For the Cuban-born Mexican writer, see, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "The enigma of litchi toxicity: an emerging health concern in southern Asia", "Association of acute toxic encephalopathy with lychee consumption in an outbreak in Muzaffarpur, India, 2014: a case-control study", The history of the great and mighty kingdom of China and the situation thereof, "Overview of lychee production in the Asia-Pacific region", "Lychee growing in the Florida home landscape", "Daily polyphenol intake in France from fruit and vegetables", "Alpha-(Methylenecyclopropyl)glycine from Litchi seeds", "At least 31 children in India killed by toxin in lychees", "Litchi-associated acute encephalitis in children, Northern Vietnam, 2004-2009", "Outbreaks of Unexplained Neurologic Illness — Muzaffarpur, India, 2013–2014", "Dangerous Fruit: Mystery of Deadly Outbreaks in India Is Solved", "Pesticides May Have Caused South Asian Children's Sudden Deaths", "Outbreak of Sudden Death with Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Among Children Associated with Exposure to Lychee Orchards in Northern Bangladesh, 2012", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lychee&oldid=991433814, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 01:24. This is an ideal size for most high density tropical fruit tree orchards. Size ranges from very small up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in), weighing approximately 20 g. Larger cultivars like Erdon Lee can have an average fruit weight of 50g.  Lychees require a climate with high summer heat, rainfall, and humidity, growing optimally on well-drained, slightly acidic soils rich in organic matter and mulch. A tall evergreen tree, the lychee bears small fleshy fruits. Lychee Trees are self-fertile and will produce many clusters of fruit as a solitary tree. Lychee is one of the many genera of trees found above ground. Southeast Asian countries, along with Australia, use the original Chinese names for the main cultivars. 15 'Hak Ip' Fig.  They require a tropical climate that is frost-free and is not below the temperature of −4 °C (25 °F). Properly timed lychee tree pruning can help them produce steadier, higher fruit yields. Lychees are an extremely ornamental tree. I get more fruit from my 3m trees than many get from full size trees once the wildlife has had its share. I was wondering which of the varieties is most vigorous? Lychee trees (Litchi chinensis) bring special interest to your home landscape, both with their ornamental beauty and their production of edible fruit. It makes fruit easier to harvest and protect from pests. Avg Height X Width: 25' x 25' Origin: Southeast China : Season: Mid May to Mid June in South Florida: Damage temp: 24-28 F: Varieties: Various : Lychee Tree SweetHeart Variety Air-Layered in 3 Gallon Container. Fruits mature in 80–112 days depending on climate, location, and cultivar. Learn how to cut back a lychee tree here. The panicle can be as long as 45cm (1.5ft) and contain as many as 3000 flowers. To speed up the growth rate apply small amounts of a balanced fertilizer often throughout the spring and summer. Twice during fruit growth and once following harvest. I get more fruit from my little trees than many get from full size trees once the wildlife has had its share. Cultivars can also have different synonyms in various parts of the world. Color is dark green to red.  China is the main producer of lychees, followed by India, other countries in Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent and South Africa. Manage young trees through pruning or by tying down weakly angled branches to ensure strong branch unions and tree structure.. Propagation is almost exclusively by air layer. It is slow growing and can be grown in the ground in Zones 9 to 11. Any of the other mid to late fruiting varieties will be more vigorous. Leaves are pinnate with one to five pairs of leaflets. Adding a second Lychee will always increase the yield of both trees, but it is not required to produce fruit.  Is it good for growing lychee here, I heard perth is not cold enough and too hot in summer also for them. The rind is inedible but easily removed to expose a layer of translucent white fleshy aril with a floral smell and a sweet flavor. If this tree is planted in the outdoor, it can go up to a height of 30 to 40 feet. If you spot lychee trees with symptoms of the erinose mite infestation, please notify FDACS – DPI at 1-888-397-1517 or . Lychee trees have full foliage and branch to the ground. I hope that helps! With an average weight of 52 g per fruit, Erdon Lee is a real monster. Average is 25’ X 25”. Freshly planted trees should have a layer of mulch applied at planting and maintained until the tree matures. , Lychees are extensively grown in southern China, Taiwan, Vietnam and the rest of tropical Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, and in tropical regions of many other countries. , The investigation linked the illness to hypoglycin A and MCPG toxicity, and to malnourished children eating lychees (particularly unripe ones) on an empty stomach. Do you have any more info about the variety, maybe what part of China it hails from, or even its Chinese name (i can research it in Chinese)? The Lychee is fresh out of hand but can be dried or used in desserts. A good variety for the subtropics and cooler areas as it is one of the latest fruiting cultivars. Lychee trees will take at least five years to mature before bearing any fruit. I have spoken to nurserymen who were trying this in the early days and they decided it just wasn’t worth it.  Lychee are similar in foliage to the family Lauraceae, likely due to convergent evolution. Native Range: Common in areas of Southern China. PLUS a Lychee Store offering fresh fruit, trees and other hard-to-find lychee products. Arguably the best fruit to come out of China is the lychee. Lacks some of the more complex flavors present in other cultivars. This slow growing dwarf variety makes them easy to grow in small spaces or in containers as they only mature to a height of 8-10 feet tall and 5-8 feet wide. Lychees are generally eaten raw, although they may be added to, or cooked in other dishes to feature their sweet flavour. 13 'Emperor' Fig. Later the lychee was described and introduced to the West in 1656 by Michal Boym, a Polish Jesuit missionary (at that time Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth). Hi Dan Described as the most luscious of all fruits marcotted Lychees offer a superb taste, small seed to high flesh ratio and regular cropping. But the Lychee fruit tastes so good you'll want to keep it within an arm's reach. I was also contemplating Red Ball, but i couldn’t find any information about its cold tolerance. We live in south east Brisbane area, Our wai Chee is 4 years old, about 1.6 metre tall. Lychee wood is the fourth densest wood, beaten by olives, glumprongs, and blood thorns.. Lychee trees bear fruit that can be harvested by setting up a gathering zone.They can be eaten raw, cooked, or brewed into lychee wine. The edible flesh surrounds a single, dark brown, inedible seed that is 1 to 3.3 cm long and 0.6 to 1.2 cm wide (0.39–1.30 by 0.24–0.47 in). Lychees are one of the most renowned fruits of the world. The skin turns brown and dry when left out after harvesting. I am in the suburbs of the Gold Coast Queensland so hopefully temp conditions would suit this type of tree ok? A popular commercial variety. I expect/hope to keep the trees 15 feet or less. Leading lychee cultivar in China. Hi Marcus Perhaps the most accepted advice is that the mean daily average temperature be below 20°C (68° F) before flowering. Plus it has an early to mid season which is great. , According to folklore, a lychee tree that is not producing much fruit can be girdled, leading to more fruit production. A new introduction. This is an ideal size for most high density tropical fruit tree orchards. Immature leaflets are pale green, often tinged with bronze or pink, turning dark green and leathery when mature. In fact they are my favourite looking fruit tree. Lychees require very moist soil but will not tolerate standing water. Lychee trees can reach up to 40feet high but are usually much smaller and can be controlled by pruning. , Earlier studies had incorrectly concluded that transmission may occur from direct contact with lychees contaminated by bat saliva, urine, or guano or with other vectors, such as insects found in lychee trees or sand flies, as in the case of Chandipura virus. I do this with figs and use half 44 gallon drums (the blue HDPE plastic ones). Common Names: litchi, liechee, liche, lizhi, li zhi, and lichee. They require a tropical climate that never goes below -4C, so they are best grown in tropical or subtropical climates.  A 2017 study found that pesticides used in the plantations could be responsible for the encephalitis and deaths of young children in Bangladesh. 16 'Hak Ip' The 'Hak ip' lychee, introduced into South Florida just prior to hurricane Andrew, has experienced widespread commercial plantings and is just now beginning to come into significant production. Wai Chee is a low vigor that is easily kept small. It was described and named by French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat in his account "Voyage aux Indes orientales et à la Chine, fait depuis 1774 jusqu'à 1781" (translation: "Voyage to the East Indies and China, made between 1774 and 1781"), which was published in 1782. It is good practice to deep water all fruit trees (all trees for that matter). These fruit typically have a higher price, due to having more edible flesh. , Cultivation of lychee began in the region of southern China, going back to 1059 AD, Malaysia, and northern Vietnam. Air-layers, or marcotts, are made by cutting a branch of a mature tree, covering the cut with a rooting medium, such as peat or sphagnum moss, then wrapping the medium with polyethylene film and allowing the cut to root. If you want maximum production out of individual trees then leave at least 7m between them. I would consider one of its more tropical cousins like rambutan or pulisan instead. Raw lychee fruit is 82% water, 17% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and contains negligible fat. See this paper for some great info on the various cultivars. This results in flowering a fruiting the following season. Lychee flowering is dependent upon seasonal temperature variations. Some sources say the trees require between 100 and 200 chill hours to flower properly. Cool winters with low rainfall and warm wet summers are ideal for lychees. Please let me know how you go . My site also drains well due to a gentle slope. Fruit eating birds are attracted to red, making a fruiting lychee tree a shining beacon of deliciousness. Small seed compared to the amount of flesh. I really hope you enjoy the tree Dan and wish you success. Some cultivars produce a high percentage of fruits with shriveled aborted seeds known as 'chicken tongues'. 14 'Gee Kee' Fig. No established lychee trees were damaged. I have started with Bosworth 3. and am currently nursing it along in a medium sized pot. The Lychee is a subtropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China.  They are also grown as an ornamental tree, as well as for their fruit. Growth Habit:The lychee tree is handsome, dense, round-topped and slow-growing with smooth, gray, brittle trunk and limbs. As a result trees have shallow and comparatively fragile root systems. These tend to dissolve all at once during watering or heavy rain events and can damage your trees root system. Litchi chinensis is an evergreen tree that is frequently less than 15 m (49 ft) tall, sometimes reaching 28 m (92 ft)..  Lychees naturally produce butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). The branches are long and thick, typically drooping. Small and very sweet. They come fairly small (from Daley’s or the other local nurseries) so I would just pot up a few sizes and leave it for another year. Seedlings will fruit but this can take years and the quality is a gamble. The fruit is round in shape and of a medium size. Early season variety. The Caribbean wouldn’t typically get the cold required for lychee flowering. The Lychee Tree is a dwarf variety that will only reach a height of about 8 to 10 feet, and a width of 6 to 8 feet. Ringbark (cincture) a section about 1cm wide on the branch. Lychees can be grafted, but the success rates are low and the process takes great time and care. The trees are attractive with shiny, leathery green leaves and long sprays of green, white or yellow flowers. Young trees are susceptible to frost but mature trees can handle temperatures as low as -3.8°C (25° F). US Department of Agriculture zone 10 to 11, These are hardy. The fleshy, edible portion of the fruit is an aril, surrounding one dark brown inedible seed that is 1 to 3.3 cm long and 0.6 to 1.2 cm wide (0.39–1.30 by 0.24–0.47 in). Most cultivars grown in the United States were imported from China, except for the “Groff”, which was developed in the state of Hawaii. Fruit will be ripe approximately 140 days after flowering. Small trees also means more trees and as a home grower I much prefer variety over commercial size harvests. Great name and a great tree! It is too early to tell but my initial observations are that it is relatively low vigor. I would suggest Wai Chee but as you have figured out it is the least vigorous which is a downside. Fertilize established trees regularly 1 to 2 times during the growing season from spring to the end of summer. Hi Dan Flowers are small, greenish, and are borne on a large thyrse (a many-flowered inflorescence) that emerges at the ends of branches anytime from late December to April (more commonly February and March) in Florida (Figures 4a and 4b). Once trees are fruiting applications should be reduced to around three times a year. Different varieties of Lychee Recommended cultivars for fruit production include; Compared to other tropical and subtropical fruit trees, lychees are slow growers. Fruit must be harvested ripe, it will not ripen off the tree. Lychees Image courtesy of silkway/Flickr. Lychees are berries and are produced on tropical evergreen trees. I have just purchased an Erdon Lee tree, awaiting delivery. It ripens to red or pink-red when ready to eat. Being a rain forest tree, lychees prefer a well drained, slightly acidic soil with lots of organic matter. The flesh has a floral smell and a fragrant, sweet flavor. You must expose the tree to cold temperatures for at least 100 hours in the winter if you want it to bloom and then bear fruit, and the female flowers have to be pollinated. South Africa grows mainly the “Mauritius” cultivar. In Vietnam, the most popular cultivar is Vai thieu Hai Duong. I live in Melbourne so I am looking for something more cold tolerant and vigorous. , The lychee attracted attention of European travellers, such as Juan González de Mendoza in his History of the great and mighty kingdom of China (1585; English translation 1588), based on the reports of Spanish friars who had visited China in the 1570s gave the fruit high praise:. Field based measurements of 89 lychee trees were collected on the 4 March 2017 of tree height, crown width and crown circumference. It is certainly my pick of the bunch and I grow a few varieties at my property. While shade might not kill a lychee tree, it will completely stop it from growing. In an orchard, pollination is done by insects, but for indoor trees, you will have to hand-pollinate. Time will tell if this is indeed the case.  Because low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) of less than 70 mg/dL in the undernourished children on admission was common, and associated with a poorer outcome (44% of all cases were fatal) the CDC identified the illness as a hypoglycemic encephalopathy. Depending on the bird life in your area, you may need to do the same. small seed and excellent quality flesh that is relatively dry. Whats the best way to propagate? 1. Have been doing some research on this forum and other places online, enough to have questions (information overload!). You want to encourage the roots to grow down. There are three flower types: two male types (called M1 and M2) … Flowers:The tiny petalless, yellowish-green flowers are borne in in ter… Hey Dan. Trees must experience bud break of 2mm to 4mm during an extended period of cool weather in order to flower. This not only works to manage tree size, but helps ensure a dormancy between growth flushes will line up with the next seasons cool period. Marcus. I was thinking Bosworth 3 as it seems to be one of the more cold tolerant varieties, fairly vigorous and doesn’t set fruit too late (otherwise it won’t ripen here, which is my concern for Wai Chee + the fact that i bought one and it died shortly after – i read that it is hard to establish after the fact). To propagate lychees, Chris recommends marcotting. Even then, maintenance pruning will be required. Keep the lychee tree in full sun. When the central opening of trees is carried out as part of training and pruning, stereo fruiting can be achieved for higher orchard productivity. lychee trees. Hi Jeff Lychee California Tropical is ideally located in the climate of Vista, California, where numerous Lychee varieties have been proven to grow quite well. That is not a problem for me because I don’t require commercial quantities Of fruit and I value the variety over maximum yield. The large beautiful trees thrive in a moist rocky soil and little fertilizer once they reach fruiting age. Get expert advice on lychee fruit and growing the trees. [T]hey haue a kinde of plummes, that they doo call lechias, that are of an exceeding gallant tast, and neuer hurteth any body, although they shoulde eate a great number of them. Most lychee trees are reproduced by air-laying. Fruits vary in shape from round to ovoid to heart-shaped, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in), weighing approximately 20 g. The thin, tough skin is green when immature, ripening to red or pink-red, and is smooth or covered with small sharp protuberances roughly textured. Litchi chinensis is an evergreen tree that is frequently less than 15 m (49 ft) tall, sometimes reaching 28 m (92 ft). Excellent quality fruit with sweet, crisp flesh. In the US, production is based on several cultivars, including Mauritius, Brewster, and Hak Ip.  The red rind turns dark brown when the fruit is refrigerated, but the taste isn't affected. This is due to the pruning that accompanies harvest and resets the trees growth flush clock. You would actually want a late flowering variety down there, this way the flowers and fruit happen towards the end of winter rather than having to hang on the tree through the cold. Use around 2 kg of a N,P,K mix fertiliser (12:15:14) on trees 1.5 m (5ft) in diameter and up to 8 kg on trees 6.5 m (21ft) in diameter. It makes for more resilient and better anchored trees. , Lychees are commonly sold fresh in Asian markets. Regards. Mites, scale and aphids occasionally infest lychees. In general, the fruit will fill out and the skin colour will change to a deeper red. Water trees regularly when actively growing. The leathery, pinnate leaves are divided into four to eight leaflets. Individual cultivars are also named differently in different countries. The same cultivar grown in different climates can produce very different fruit. Height and Width: Varies with the variety, Lychee trees range from about 20 to 40 feet tall. Think giant, fruiting bonsai. I am in south-east Qld so warmer than Melbourne, but if you are relatively frost free at your property I think you will be ok. The rind is inedible, but easily removed to expose the edible translucent white fleshy aril. Trees branch and have full foliage at ground level if allowed. They are approximately 2 to 3 mm in length and lack petals. Flowers grow on a terminal inflorescence with many panicles on the current season's growth. With some varieties, fruit loses its spikiness when ripe. Gul-e-Cheen Tree plant-Khyber Plants Gardening & Plants Service Provider Online Plants Supplier in Pakistan and import export other countries Lychee seeds contain methylene cyclopropyl glycine which can cause hypoglycemia associated with outbreaks of encephalopathy in undernourished Indian and Vietnamese children who had consumed lychee fruit.. Lychees have moderate amounts of polyphenols, including flavan-3-ol monomers and dimers as major compounds representing about 87% of total polyphenols, which declined in content during storage or browning. However, some gardeners are now successfully producing in the greenhouse. Lychee Mauritius Trees are fast growing and require space to stretch out, so plant your rows on 18 foot centers or for individual trees choose a location at least 10 feet from other trees or shrubs. There are a number of varieties of lychees; and they grow on trees that are evergreen, that generally grow to heights … Hi, folks.  Wild trees still grow in parts of southern China and on Hainan Island. I don’t think any cultivar is necessarily more cold tolerant, it is more about when they flower. Cultivation is documented in its homeland from as early as 1059 AD. Tree height was measured as the longest distance from the ground to the top of the tree crown and was measured using a retractable measuring staff. Last year I actually lost year old trees (including a ‘Red Ball’) to a freak freeze up here. The raw pulp is rich in vitamin C, having 72 mg per 100 grams – an amount representing 86% of the Daily Value – but contains no other micronutrients in significant content. Secondly , I don’t have big backyard, any chance I can grow it in the pot ? Kwai mai pink was one of the most reliable cultivars across all tests with temp controlled experiments (it was an Australian study, I’ll have a search and link it here if I find it). You can definitely grow one in a large pot. The key for getting many subtropical trees through the cold is babying them until the trees establish. The thin, tough skin is green when immature.  There are three subspecies, determined by flower arrangement, twig thickness, fruit, and number of stamens. It is having a lot of buds now. When you do try again, make sure to protect the trees for the first few winters. The tree can reach 30-40 feet (9-12 m.) …  It is also sold canned year-round. Deep red, colorful fruit with an average weight of 30 g. Heavy cropper of good quality fruit with an average weight of 35 g. Warm, humid summers are best for fruit development, while an amount of winter chilling is necessary for flower bud development. Most are concentrated in the north. Early to mid season. Only a small number of these are ever pollinated (100 – 200). Australia is also a large producer and has the longest season. The emperor had the fruit delivered at great expense to the capital. The trunk is 2.5 ft (0.8 m) thick with corky bark. Leach the soil regularly if this is a concern in your area. Each variety has different indicators of fruit ripeness. , "Lichi" redirects here. Other sources state that trees only require the night time low to be below 20°C (68° F) for a 6-8 week period for some varieties. Production zones are located in the central lowlands, and uplands of both the eastern and western regions. Be cautious using high salt fertilizers such as pelletised chicken manure. Since the end of the 1990s, unexplained outbreaks of encephalopathy occurred, appearing to affect only children in India (where it is called chamki bukhar), and northern Vietnam (where it was called Ac Mong encephalitis after the Vietnamese word for nightmare) during the lychee harvest season from May to June. Its evergreen leaves, 5 to 8 in (12.5–20 cm) long, are pinnate, having 4 to 8 alternate, elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, abruptly pointed, leaflets, The bark is grey-black, the branches a brownish-red. Which variety would you recommend here. With pruning lychee trees can easily be kept 3m tall and 4m wide. It's a slow grower that can achieve heights of more than 40 feet. It is apparently very vigorous? Commercial plantations are common in Hawaii and Florida. Lychees grow in “recurrent terminal flushes”, which means that they grow from the end of branches in periodic spurts. It was also the favourite fruit of Emperor Li Longji (Xuanzong)'s favoured concubine Yang Yuhuan (Yang Guifei). Some cultivars are very prone to narrow crotch angles. , In 1962, it was found that lychee seeds contained methylenecyclopropylglycine (MCPG), a homologue of hypoglycin A, which caused hypoglycemia in animal studies. The outside of the fruit is pink-red, roughly textured and inedible, covering sweet flesh eaten in many different dessert dishes. Price $ 64.00: Buy: add_shopping_cart add_shopping_cart: Availability: In Stock(6) Image : Pot Vol. I’m not super familiar so looked up Perth average temperatures and they are great for lychees. Lychee tree size: the height 5-20 m the wide 5-10 m, can be dwarf cultivars 2-4 m height. expand_more Choose: $64.00;2.5L. When growing lychee trees, be sure to plant them in a protected area. Available in a range of sizes and conveniently potted for transportation - as well as placement in limited backyard environments - Lychee trees from California Tropical are of the highest quality and abundance in the region. 12 hours of full light is acceptable, even preferable! It is a tropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of southeastern China, where cultivation is documented from the 11th century. Large red fruit (average 40 g) with a small seed.  The most common way of propagating lychee is through a method called air layering or marcotting. How long does it take to fruit if you plant the seeds? , The lychee bears fleshy fruits that mature in 80–112 days depending on climate, location, and cultivar. Should I deep water it or just water it regularly like normal ? Lychee trees demand space. They can best be described as having the flavor of passion fruit and grapes with the scent of a red rose. Fruit should be cooled after harvest and will last a week or two. It makes fruit easier to harvest and protect from pests. Birds are the real issue in most areas. , The CDC report recommended that parents ensure their children limit lychee consumption and have an evening meal, elevating blood glucose levels that may be sufficient to deter illness. There are several popular varieties that do well here. I am on Oahu in Hawaii.
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